Reference was made above to the Mausoleum. The artists
engaged on the sculptures which adorned that magnificent
monument were, according to Pliny, Scopas, Leochares,
Bryaxis, and Timotheus.
There seem to have been at least three sculptured
friezes, but of only one have considerable remains been
preserved. This has for its subject a battle of Greeks
and Amazons, a theme which Greek sculptors and painters
never wearied of reproducing. The preserved portions of
this frieze amount in all to about eighty feet, but the
slabs are not consecutive. Figs. 160 and 161 give two of
the best pieces. The design falls into groups of two or
three combatants, and these groups are varied with
inexhaustible fertility and liveliness of imagination.
Among the points which distinguish this from a work of
the fifth century may be noted the slenderer forms of
men and women and the more expressive faces. The
existing slabs, moreover, differ among themselves in
style and merit, and an earnest attempt has been made to
distribute them among the four artists named by Pliny,
but without conclusive results.
The tradition on this point was not quite
uniform Vitruvius names Praxiteles as the fourth
artist, but adds that some believed that Timotheus
also was engaged.